An antisense oligonucleotide targeted at MAO-B attenuates rat striatal serotonergic neurotoxicity induced by MDMA
Falk EM, Cook VJ, Nichols DE, Sprague JE.
The Department of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences,
The Raabe College of Pharmacy,
Ohio Northern University,
45810, Ada, OH, USA .
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2002 Jun;72(3):617-622
ABSTRACTThe present study was designed to elucidate the role of dopamine (DA) metabolism in the serotonergic neurotoxicity induced by 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). An antisense (AS) oligonucleotide (ODN) sequence targeted at monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B) was utilized to attenuate MAO-B activity prior to MDMA administration. Sprague-Dawley rats were surgically implanted with intracerebroventricular (icv) cannulae and received a continuous infusion of MAO-B AS-ODN via an osmotic minipump. Constant AS ODN infusion for 7 days at a rate of 0.5 &mgr;l/h (total daily dose 600 pmol) resulted in a 63% knockdown of MAO-B activity. MDMA (40 mg/kg, sc) produced a rise in body temperature within 1 h of MDMA administration and a reduction in striatal serotonin (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA) levels 7 days later. Pretreatment with the MAO-B AS ODN prior to MDMA attenuated this reduction in serotonergic markers, yet had no effect on MDMA-induced hyperthermia. Furthermore, in vivo microdialysis revealed that previous AS ODN treatment failed to alter the acute DA release induced by MDMA (10 mg/kg, sc) within the striatum. These results indicate that MAO-B plays an integral role in the development of MDMA-induced neurotoxicity while not affecting MDMA-induced hyperthermia or acute DA release.MAO-b
Protect and survive
L-deprenyl and ecstasy