Serotonin 5-HT2B receptors are required for 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine-induced hyperlocomotion and 5-HT release in vivo and in vitro
by
Doly S, Valjent E, Setola V, Callebert J, Hervé D, Launay JM, Maroteaux L.
Inserm, U839 and Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6,
Institut du Fer à Moulin,
Unité Mixte de Recherche-S0839,
Paris 75005, France.
J Neurosci. 2008 Mar 12;28(11):2933-40.


ABSTRACT

The "club drug" 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA; also known as ecstasy) binds preferentially to and reverses the activity of the serotonin transporter, causing release of serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)] stores from nerve terminals. Subsequent activation of postsynaptic 5-HT receptors by released 5-HT has been shown to be critical for the unique psychostimulatory effects of MDMA. In contrast, the effects of direct activation of presynaptic and/or postsynaptic receptors by MDMA have received far less attention, despite the agonist actions of the drug itself at 5-HT(2) receptors, in particular the 5-HT(2B) receptor. Here we show that acute pharmacological inhibition or genetic ablation of the 5-HT(2B) receptor in mice completely abolishes MDMA-induced hyperlocomotion and 5-HT release in nucleus accumbens and ventral tegmental area. Furthermore, the 5-HT(2B) receptor dependence of MDMA-stimulated release of endogenous 5-HT from superfused midbrain synaptosomes suggests that 5-HT(2B) receptors act, unlike any other 5-HT receptor, presynaptically to affect MDMA-stimulated 5-HT release. Thus, our findings reveal a novel regulatory component in the actions of MDMA and represent the first demonstration that 5-HT(2B) receptors play an important role in the brain, i.e., modulation of 5-HT release. As such, 5-HT(2B) receptor antagonists may serve as promising therapeutic drugs for MDMA abuse.

5-HT1a
5-HT1b
5-HT2a
5-HT2c
History
Ketanserin
MDMA/MDE
Controversies
Protect and survive
Ecstasy and tryptophan
Ecstasy and serotonin synthesis
5-HT(2A) receptor/hyperlocomotion and hyperthermia


Refs
and further reading

HOME
HedWeb
Nootropics
erythroxylum-coca.com
Future Opioids
BLTC Research
MDMA/Ecstasy
Superhapiness?
Utopian Surgery?
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World

The Good Drug Guide
The Good Drug Guide

The Responsible Parent's Guide
To Healthy Mood Boosters For All The Family