5-HT modulation of auditory and visual sensorimotor gating: II. Effects of the 5-HT2A antagonist MDL 100,907 on disruption of sound and light prepulse inhibition produced by 5-HT agonists in Wistar rats
Padich RA, McCloskey TC, Kehne JH.
Hoechst Marion Roussel Inc., Cincinnati, OH 45215, USA.
Psychopharmacology (Berl)1996 Mar;124(1-2):107-16


Increasing evidence suggests an important role of 5-HT, and 5-HT2A receptors in particular, in the etiology and treatment of schizophrenia. The prepulse inhibition paradigm is used as a model for sensorimotor gating processes that are disrupted in schizophrenia. The present study used the selective serotonin2A (5-HT2A) antagonist and putative antipsychotic agent MDL 100,907 to evaluate the contribution of 5-HT2A receptors to the disruptions of prepulse inhibition produced by several 5-HT agonists. The D2 antagonist haloperidol was used to evaluate a possible interaction with dopamine neurons. Sound or light prepulses were used to measure the generality of these drug effects on cross-modal prepulse inhibition. In the first study, MDL 100,907 antagonized the disruptions of auditory prepulse inhibition produced by the 5-HT releasing agents fenfluramine and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). These effects on prepulse inhibition were modality-specific in that MDL 100,907 did not reverse the effects of the 5-HT releasers on visual prepulse inhibition. Haloperidol did not alter the disruptive effects of MDMA or fenfluramine on either auditory or visual prepulse inhibition. In the second study, the direct acting 5-HT2A/2C receptor agonist/hallucinogen (+)1-4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl-2-aminopropane (DOI) consistently disrupted auditory prepulse inhibition, and this effect was blocked by MDL 100,907 but not by haloperidol. A dose-response analysis demonstrated that MDL 100,907 potently antagonized DOI disrupted auditory prepulse inhibition, with an ED50 of 0.04 mg/kg, IP. DOI did not consistently disrupt visual prepulse inhibition. In summary, these data indicate that, at least under the conditions of the present studies, the disruptions of auditory prepulse inhibition produced by fenfluramine, MDMA, and DOI result from stimulation of 5-HT2A receptors. Furthermore, these disruptions do not involve direct or indirect stimulation of D2 receptors. The identity of the 5-HT receptor(s) underlying the disruptive effects of fenfluramine or MDMA on visual prepulse inhibition has not yet been identified. MDL 100,907 may be generally useful in CNS disorders in which excessive 5-HT2A receptor tone disrupts sensory gating processes.

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