Effect of 5-HT depletion by MDMA on hyperthermia
and Arc mRNA induction in rat brain

by
Beveridge TJ, Mechan AO, Sprakes M, Pei Q,
Zetterstrom TS, Green AR, Elliott JM.
School of Pharmacy, De Montfort University,
LE1 9BH, Leicester, UK.
Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2004 Jan 20


ABSTRACT

RATIONALE. 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) administration to rats produces an acute hyperthermic response and induces localised neuronal activation, which can be visualised via expression of immediate-early genes. The pharmacological and anatomical basis of these effects are unclear. At high doses, MDMA also causes selective neurotoxicity at serotonergic nerve terminals. OBJECTIVE. We investigated the effect of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) depletion on the acute hyperthermic response to MDMA and the pattern of neuronal excitation indicated by Arc (activity-regulated cytoskeleton associated gene) in naive rats and following administration of MDMA at a neurotoxic dose. METHODS. Expression of Arc mRNA was investigated by in situ hybridisation histochemistry using (35)S-labelled oligonucleotide probe. RESULTS. MDMA induced a significant hyperthermia together with increased Arc mRNA expression in cortical regions, caudate-putamen and CA1 hippocampus but not hypothalamus. At 21 days after a neurotoxic dose of MDMA, brain 5-HT and 5-HIAA levels were significantly reduced by 21-32%. In these animals, both the hyperthermic response and the pattern and extent of Arc mRNA expression induced by a subsequent dose of MDMA were unaltered. However, basal Arc expression was significantly increased in cortical regions and CA1 hippocampus. CONCLUSION. We conclude that the acute hyperthermic response induced by MDMA is not attenuated by moderate depletion of 5-HT, further questioning mediation via a serotonergic mechanism. Arc mRNA induction by MDMA exhibits highly localised expression, which is not altered following 5-HT depletion. However, following a neurotoxic dose of MDMA, basal expression of Arc is increased, particularly in cortex and CA1, suggesting that mechanisms underlying synaptic plasticity might also be modified.

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