Methylenendioxyamphetamine produces serotonin nerve terminal loss and diminished behavioural and neurochemical responses to the antidepressant fluoxetine
by
Harkin A, Shanahan E, Kelly JP, Connor TJ.
Department of Pharmacology,
National University of Ireland,
Galway, Ireland.
Eur J Neurosci. 2003 Aug;18(4):1021-7


ABSTRACT

The effect of prior exposure to methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) on behavioural and neurochemical responses to fluoxetine were assessed in a rat model of antidepressant action. MDA (7.5 mg/kg, i.p.) was administered to rats twice daily for 4 consecutive days, and 4 weeks later the behavioural effect of fluoxetine (5 or 20 mg/kg; i.p. x 3) was examined in the modified rat forced-swimming test. In addition, the ability of fluoxetine to reduce serotonin (5-HT) metabolism was measured as an index of its efficacy in inhibiting 5-HT reuptake in vivo. In vehicle-treated rats, fluoxetine (5 and 20 mg/kg) produced a characteristic increase in swimming behaviour in the forced-swimming test. In contrast, fluoxetine-induced swimming was markedly attenuated in MDA-treated rats. MDA pretreatment resulted in 5-HT nerve terminal degeneration, indicated by reduced 5-HT and 5-HIAA concentrations in the frontal cortex, amygdala and hippocampus, and reduced [3H]paroxetine binding in the frontal cortex. In vehicle-treated rats, fluoxetine (5 and 20 mg/kg) decreased 5-HT metabolism (5-HIAA : 5-HT ratio) in the frontal cortex, amygdala and hippocampus. MDA pretreatment attenuated the ability of fluoxetine to reduce 5-HT metabolism in all brain regions examined. These findings are the first to demonstrate that prior exposure to the methylenedioxy-substituted amphetamine MDA results in diminished responsiveness to the antidepressant fluoxetine.

MDA
History
MDMA/MDE
Controversies
MDA: structure
MDA (from PIHKAL)
Protect and survive
Fluoxetine (Prozac)
MDA: optical isomers
MDA-assisted psychotherapy


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