Acute Psychological Effects of 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "Ecstasy") are Attenuated by the Serotonin Uptake Inhibitor Citalopram
by
Liechti ME, Baumann C, Gamma A, Vollenweider FX
Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich.
Research Department,
P.O. Box 68, CH-8029,
Zurich, Switzerland
Neuropsychopharmacology 2000 May 1; 22(5):513-521


ABSTRACT

3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "Ecstasy") is a recreational drug that has been shown to release serotonin (5-HT) and dopamine (DA) in animals. The effect of MDMA on 5-HT release can be blocked by 5-HT uptake inhibitors such as citalopram, suggesting that MDMA interacts with the 5-HT uptake site. It is unknown whether this mechanism is also responsible for the psychological effects of MDMA in humans. We investigated the effect of citalopram pretreatment (40 mg iv) on the psychological effects of MDMA (1.5 mg/kg po) in a double-blind placebo-controlled psychometric study in 16 healthy human volunteers. MDMA produced an emotional state with heightened mood, increased self-confidence and extroversion, moderate derealization, and an intensification of sensory perception. Most of these effects were markedly reduced by citalopram. This finding suggests that the psychological effects of MDMA are mediated via action at the 5-HT uptake site to increase 5-HT release through the carrier, as expected from animal studies.
MDMA
Sextasy
Citalopram
Entactogens
Empathogens
MDMA/m-CPP
Controversies
Ecstasy and sex
Alexander Shulgin
Ecstasy and Prozac
Ecstasy and honesty
Human pharmacology
L-deprenyl and ecstasy
Post-E Prozac protection?
MDMA and citalopram (Cipramil, Celexa)

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