Increased anxiety in rats after 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine: association with serotonin depletion
by
Gurtman CG, Morley KC, Li KM, Hunt GE, McGregor IS.
Department of Psychology,
University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Sydney, Australia
Eur J Pharmacol 2002 Jun 20;446(1-3):89-96


ABSTRACT

The long-term behavioural and neurotoxic effects of 3,4-methlyenedioxymethampthetamine (MDMA, "Ecstasy") were examined in rats. Rats were given MDMA (5 mg/kg i.p. once per hour for 4 h) or vehicle injections on each of two consecutive days at an ambient temparature of 28 degrees C. MDMA caused acute hyperthermia and locomotor hyperactivity on both days. Four and six weeks after drug administration the rats previously treated with MDMA showed elevated levels of anxiety-like behaviour in the emergence and social interaction tests, respectively. At 9 weeks post-MDMA, the rats displayed an increase in anxiety on the elevated plus-maze test relative to controls. Ten weeks following treatment the rats were killed and their brains dissected and neurotramitter content analysed using High Performance Liquid Chromotography (HPLC). Rats previously given MDMA showed significantly decreased 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in the amygdala, hippocampus and striatum relative to controls. This 5-HT depletion may have a causal role in producing increased anxiety-like behaviours in MDMA-treated rats. These results are consistent with human studies suggesting that exposure to high doses of MDMA may predispose to long-term psychological problems such as anxiety and depression.

Rats
History
Monkeys
MDMA/MDE
Controversies
Mice on Ecstasy
Protect and survive
Mice, Ecstasy and anxiety
Mice are anxious on Ecstasy
Ecstasy and serotonin synthesis
Ecstasy and the adolescent mouse
Ecstasy: anxiolytic and anxiogenic effect
Enjoyable but non-addictive: MDMA and the mouse
Intravenous Ecstasy self-administered by drug-naive mice


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