MDMA produces a conditioned place preference and elicits ejaculation in male rats: a modulatory role for the endogenous opioids
by
Lebsanft HB, Kovar KA, Schmidt WJ.
Department Neuropharmacology,
Zoological Institute,
Faculty of Biology,
University of Tuebingen,
Auf der Morgenstelle 28 E,
72076 Tuebingen, Germany.
Eur J Pharmacol. 2005 May 14


ABSTRACT

It has recently been shown that 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) has an anti-parkinsonian effect in rodent models of Parkinson's disease. The mechanism of this anti-parkinsonian action is unknown. Opioids have been suggested to play a role in MDMA-induced behaviour. We therefore investigated MDMA and naloxone in the rat rotational behavioural model. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were lesioned unilaterally with 6-hydroxydopamine at the medial forebrain bundle. Administration of R/S-MDMA (5 mg/kg, s.c.) produced ipsilateral rotations. Naloxone (2, 5, 10 mg/kg, s.c.) did not produce rotations on its own but reduced the number of MDMA-induced ipsilateral rotations. This effect was not dose-dependent. In contrast to reports on mice, in unlesioned animals, naloxone (10 mg/kg, s.c.) did not block MDMA (5 mg/kg, s.c.)-induced hyperactivity in an open field in our experiment. It is concluded that endogenous opioids play a role in MDMA's action in the rat rotational behavioural model.

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