Poisoning with the recreational drug
paramethoxyamphetamine ("death")

by
Ling LH, Marchant C, Buckley NA, Prior M, Irvine RJ.
Department of Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology,
Faculty of Medicine,
University of Adelaide, SA.
Med J Aust 2001 May 7 174(9):453-5


ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical features of paramethoxyamphetamine (PMA; "death") poisoning and to compare these with those of people with self-reported "ecstasy" poisoning. DESIGN: Retrospective casenote review. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: 22 patients who presented to the Emergency Department of the Royal Adelaide Hospital (RAH), a major metropolitan teaching hospital, between 1 January 1996 and 31 December 1998 with PMA poisoning identified through urine drug screens; and 61 patients with self-reported ecstasy poisoning between 1 September 1997 and 31 December 1998 found through the hospital databases. RESULTS: Patients with PMA poisoning presented with tachycardia (64%), hyperthermia (temperature > 37.5 degrees C; 36%), coma (41%), seizures (32%), arrhythmias (23%), and QRS intervals > or = 100 ms (50%) with greater frequency and often greater severity than those with self-reported ecstasy poisoning. Two patients with PMA poisoning presented with severe hypoglycaemia (blood glucose level, < 1.5 mmol/L) accompanied by hyperkalaemia (K+ concentration, > 7.5 mmol/L). CONCLUSIONS: At our hospital, PMA poisonings accounted for most of the severe reactions among people who believed they had taken ecstasy. Hypoglycaemia and hyperkalaemia may be specific to PMA poisoning. PMA toxicity should be suspected with severe or atypical reactions to "ecstasy", and confirmed by chromatographic urine drug screens

PMA
PMMA
MDMA
History
Anise oil
Serotonin
Dopamine
MDMA/MDE
Drugs and reward
Protect and survive
PMA (from PIHKAL)
Ecstasy and tryptophan
PMA and MDMA (Ecstasy)
PMA and PMMA poisoning
Serotonin function: PMA and MDMA


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