Initial characterization of PMMA
as a discriminative stimulus

by
Glennon RA, Young R, Dukat M, Cheng Y
Department of Medicinal Chemistry,
Medical College of Virginia,
Virginia Commonwealth University,
Richmond 23298-0540, USA.
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 1997 May-Jun; 57(1-2):151-8


ABSTRACT

The phenylisopropylamine PMMA or N-methyl-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-2-aminopropane, a structural hybrid of paramethoxyamphetamine (PMA) and methamphetamine, has been previously shown to unexpectedly lack amphetamine-like or hallucinogen-like stimulus properties in animals. For example, in tests of stimulus generalization, neither a (+)amphetamine stimulus nor a DOM stimulus generalized to PMMA. It has also been shown, however, that stimulus generalization does occur in animals trained to discriminate the designer drug MDMA ("Ecstasy" or N-methyl-1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-aminopropane) from vehicle. In order to further characterize this unique agent, we trained a group of six Sprague-Dawley rats to discriminate 1.25 mg/kg of PMMA (ED50 = 0.44 mg/kg) from saline vehicle. The PMMA stimulus failed to generalize to the phenylisopropylamine stimulant (+)amphetamine, or to the phenylisopropylamine hallucinogen DOM. Stimulus generalization occurred to (+/-)MDMA (ED50 = 1.32 mg/kg) and S(+)MDMA (ED50 = 0.48 mg/kg). Partial generalization occurred with R(+)MDMA, PMA, 3.4-DMA, and fenfluramine. The PMMA stimulus also generalized to the alpha-ethyl homolog of PMMA (EH/PMMA, ED50 = 1.29 mg/kg). Taken together, the results of these studies suggest that PMMA is an MDMA-like agent that lacks the amphetamine-like stimulant character of MDMA. These findings support our previous suggestion that PMMA be considered the structural parent of the MDMA-like family of designer drugs.

PMMA
MDMA
History
Serotonin
Dopamine
MDMA/MDE
Entactogens
Empathogens
Drugs and reward
Phenylalkylamines
Protect and survive
PMMA (from PIHKAL)
Ecstasy and tryptophan
PMA and PMMA poisoning
Ecstasy and serotonin synthesis
MDMA, MBDB, fenfluramine, and MMAI


Refs
and further reading

HOME
HedWeb
Nootropics
Cocaine.org
Future Opioids
BLTC Research
MDMA/Ecstasy
Superhapiness?
Utopian Surgery?
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World

The Good Drug Guide
The Good Drug Guide

The Responsible Parent's Guide
To Healthy Mood Boosters For All The Family