Stimulus properties of PMMA: effect of
optical isomers and conformational restriction

by
Young R, Dukat M, Malmusi L, Glennon RA
Department of Medicinal Chemistry,
School of Pharmacy,
Virginia Commonwealth University,
Richmond 23298-0540, USA.
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 1999 Oct; 64(2):449-53


ABSTRACT

para-Methoxymethamphetamine (PMMA), a structural hybrid of two central stimulants, lacks stimulant properties but behaves in a manner similar to that of MDMA [N-methyl-1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-aminopropane]. PMMA has been established as a training drug in drug discrimination studies, and in the present investigation we sought to determine which optical isomer of PMMA is primarily responsible for its stimulus effects. Because PMMA is a conformationally flexible molecule, it was also of interest to determine what conformation is most important for its actions. Accordingly, we prepared and examined S(+)PMMA, R(-)PMMA, and conformationally restricted forms of PMMA: PMMA-AT, TIQ-1, and TIQ-2. S(+)PMMA (ED50 = 0.32 mg/kg) was found to be at least as potent as PMMA (ED50 = 0.41 mg/kg), whereas R(-)PMMA failed to result in complete stimulus generalization. An aminotetralin-like conformation, as found in PMMA-AT (ED50 = 0.29 mg/kg), seems to better account for the actions of PMMA than a tetrahydroisoquinoline-like conformation because TIQ-1 and TIQ-2 failed to result in stimulus generalization. The results of the present study further support the concept that PMMA and MDMA share considerable similarity with respect to their stimulus properties in animals except that PMMA lacks the amphetaminergic stimulant component of action associated with MDMA.

PMA
PMMA
MDMA
Serotonin
Dopamine
MDMA/MDE
Entactogens
Empathogens
PMMA fatality
Phenylalkylamines
Protect and Survive
PMMA (from PIHKAL)
Ecstasy and tryptophan
PMA and PMMA poisoning


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