Differential effect of dietary selenium on the long-term
neurotoxicity induced by MDMA in mice and rats

Sanchez V, Camarero J, O'Shea E, Green AR, Colado MI.
Departamento de Farmacologia, Facultad de Medicina,
Universidad Complutense, 28040, Madrid, Spain
Neuropharmacology 2003 Mar;44(4):449-61


We examined the effect of dietary selenium (Se) on the long-term effect of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) on dopamine (DA) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) containing neurons in the brain of mice and rats. Animals were fed either a Se-deficient (<0.02 ppm) or Se-replete (0.2 ppm) diet for 8 weeks. On the seventh week mice received three injections of MDMA (15 mg/kg, i.p. 3 h apart) or saline and rats a single dose of MDMA (12.5 mg/kg i.p.) or saline. All animals were sacrificed 7 days later. MDMA administration to mice depleted striatal DA concentration in both dietary groups, although depletion was considerably larger in the Se-deficient mice (64%) than Se-replete mice (30%). In addition, a decrease in 5-HT (17-32%) occurred in brain regions of Se-deficient but not Se-replete mice. In rats, MDMA decreased cortical [(3)H]-paroxetine binding (62%) and 5-HT content, the depletion being similar in the Se-deficient and Se-replete groups. No DA loss occurred in either group. There was no difference in the hyperthermic response induced by MDMA in Se-deficient or Se-replete animals. The Se-deficient diet decreased glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity by 30% in mouse striatum and cortex and increased the degree of lipid peroxidation in cortical synaptosomes. Se-deficient rats also showed a decrease in brain GPx activity compared with the Se-replete group, but the degree of lipid peroxidation in synaptosomes was similar in both dietary groups. These results suggest that the antioxidant capacity of rats and mice differ leading to a differential susceptibility to the oxidative stress caused by MDMA in situations of low dietary Se.

Protect and survive
Glutathione depletion
Ecstasy and tryptophan
Post-E Prozac protection?
Ascorbic acid, sex and mood
MDMA/Ecstasy and Vitamin E

and further reading

Future Opioids
BLTC Research
Utopian Surgery?
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World

The Good Drug Guide
The Good Drug Guide

The Responsible Parent's Guide
To Healthy Mood Boosters For All The Family